Dióscoro Teófilo Puebla Tolín's 'First landing of Columbus on the Shores of the New World,' at San Salvador, W.I., Oct. 12, 1492, from 1862.
Columbus Day is a state holiday being observed Monday, Oct. 8, to commemorate Christopher Columbus' arrival in the Americas on Oct. 12, 1492.
Columbus' voyage had been celebrated on significant anniversaries but did not become an official holiday until being recognized by Colorado in 1905. It was declared a federal holiday in 1937.
Not all states recognize Columbus Day. Some local and state governments have alternative Native American or indigenous peoples' days to reflect that others had "discovered" the continent long before the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria arrived. Hawaii celebrates Discoverers' Day, marking when the Polynesians arrived on the islands. In Vermont, it's optional for public schools to close; most stay open.
Columbus Day in the United States is also Canadian Thanksgiving. The two holidays have shared the second Monday in October since 1971.
The three-day weekend is more often celebrated in New England as the kickoff to the fall foliage season and, in North County, the day of the annual Mount Greylock Ramble, a hike up the state's tallest mountain along the Cheshire Harbor Trail from 8 to 4. Ramblefest in Adams will be held the day before, Sunday, Oct. 7, beginning at noon at the Visitors Center. For more information about this and other events in Adams: www.exploreadams.com/play/ramblefest.
Federal, state and local offices; no mail delivery.
Public colleges and schools, most private schools
Most offices and businesses
BRTA is not running
Commercial establishments are required by law not to open before noon unless locally permitted.
Most retail outlets, groceries
Restaurants and bars, by choice
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